If you’re unhappy with your smile due to gums that are either too low or too high on your teeth, you may be a candidate for gum contouring surgery. This cosmetic dental procedure involves reshaping or sculpting the gum tissue to give you a Hollywood smile makeover. With gum contouring surgery, you can achieve the perfect balance of teeth and gums for a beautiful, confident smile. Contact us today to learn more about our expert gum contouring services and how we can help you achieve the smile you’ve always wanted.

What Are the Causes of Uneven Gums?

A variety of factors can contribute to your gums being too low or too high. Gums that cover a large portion of your teeth can make them appear smaller. This could be due to genetics, a specific health issue, or the use of certain prescription drugs.

Gum recession, a condition in which gum tissue pulls back from a tooth and exposes the tooth’s root, is often the cause of excessively high gums that make your teeth appear long. Not only can gum recession make your teeth appear longer, but it can also lead to serious dental issues like decay and tooth loss. Gum recession can also be a sign of periodontal disease, which is the deterioration of the tooth’s supporting structures (gums and bone).

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Is Gum Contouring Surgery Necessary?

Gum contouring, called gingivectomy, is considered a cosmetic procedure in and of itself. The vast majority of the time, it is not medically necessary. The majority of people have their gums reshaped in order to improve the appearance of their smile. Some people, however, have gum contouring surgery as part of other periodontal procedures, such as crown lengthening, pocket reduction, and regenerative procedures.

Is this purely a cosmetic procedure, or does contouring and shaping serve a medical purpose?

That depends on why you want to have your gums reshaped. If you call our office because you have gum disease, we will first examine you to see if you have the condition, then we will discuss your treatment options and work to eliminate the disease. At that point, you may require gum contouring to restore gums that have receded and are now endangering the health of your teeth, roots, and jawbone. Gum contouring and grafting can, in fact, help save your teeth.

While gum recession is usually caused by gum disease, it can also be caused by excessive tooth brushing, taking a prescription drug, or even genetics. As with gum disease, restoring your gum tissue may be necessary for your optimum oral health in this case.

How Is The Surgery Performed?

Gum reshaping is done in a dentist’s office. Gum contouring is currently performed by dentists using scalpels, lasers, and radiosurgery. The laser is used to re-contour and then seal the tissue in order to achieve the desired shape and prevent further bleeding. In order to prevent future infections, the dentist can also use the laser to remove hollows that trap bacteria. Inquire with your dentist about the best technique for your specific situation. Your provider should go over what he or she will be doing during the procedure with you prior to surgery.

Dentists will frequently use a pen to draw a line to mark the new gum line. You’ll be able to see exactly how much gum will be removed or how the gum line will be reshaped this way. To numb the area, a local anaesthetic may be used. To achieve the best long-term results, bone at the front of the tooth’s root may also need to be removed during gum contouring.

What Kinds of Doctors Do Gum Contouring?

Gum contouring can be performed by a wide range of general dentists and periodontists (gum specialists). Before having the procedure performed, inquire about your dentist’s knowledge and experience with the procedure.

Non-cosmetic gum contouring procedures include adding gum tissue where recession has occurred and trimming overgrown tissue that has covered part of the tooth crown. Dentists will frequently use a pen to draw a line to mark the new gum line. You’ll be able to see exactly how much gum will be removed or how the gum line will be reshaped this way.

To numb the area, a local anaesthetic may be used. To achieve the best long-term results, bone at the front of the tooth’s root may need to be removed during gum contouring.

Recovery From Gum Contouring

After the procedure, you must be cautious about what you eat. Because your gums will be sensitive, avoid eating anything that could cut, poke, or irritate them in any way. As a result, most people stick to a soft diet of yogurt, soup, ice cream, or pudding for a few days. If your gum reshaping was done with a scalpel, you will most likely be scheduled for a follow-up visit. At that point, your dentist will examine the gums to see if everything is healing properly, and if so, they will tell you when you can resume all of your normal dietary habits.

Rest and limit your activities on the day of surgery. It may take several days or weeks for your gums to completely heal. Your dentist will give you specific instructions on what you need to do to help with your recovery. Here are some general pointers to help you get through your recovery period:

  • Take an over-the-counter pain reliever, such as Tylenol or Advil, as directed by your dentist to alleviate pain. Aspirin, which can cause bleeding, should not be taken.
  • For the first few days after surgery, eat soft, cool foods like eggs, pasta, yogurt, cottage cheese, soft vegetables, and ice cream. Avoid spicy foods and anything containing seeds until your gums have completely healed.
  • During the healing process, follow your dentist’s instructions on when and how to brush your teeth.
  • Call your dentist if you notice excessive swelling or bleeding, or if you have any concerns after the procedure.

The Risks Of Gum Contouring

There are risks associated with all surgeries. The following are the risks of gum contouring:

  • Anesthetic-induced allergic reaction (rare)
  • Gum tissue relapse

If you are dissatisfied with the appearance of your teeth and gums, consult with your dentist to see if gum contouring surgery is right for you. But, as with any cosmetic procedure, the end result is dependent on the doctor’s skill.

Don’t just go to anyone. Do your research and make sure you’re confident in the dentist’s abilities. Inquire with the dentist about any additional training they have received in cosmetic dentistry. Also, request to see photos of their previous work and ensure that you like what you see.