Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, is a sequence of inflammatory conditions that occur in the gums, which are the tissues covering the teeth. The initial stage of the disease is called gingivitis, where the gums can turn red and may bleed or swell. In the advanced stage, called periodontitis, the gums gradually recede from the teeth, causing loss of bone in the root and leading to loose or even falling teeth. This condition also results in bad breath. Gum disease is a critical condition that can significantly reduce oral health and hygiene.

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Diagnosis of Gum Disease

Diagnosis is made not only visually, but also by examining the tissue around the teeth, whether there is bone loss around the tooth with the probe method and x-rays. In any case, stated conditions are often one of the most feared diseases which occur in teeth and gums that require utmost care immediately.

Possible Causes of Gum Disease

Gum disease is mostly induced by bacteria related inflammatory in the mouth that infect the gums. Poor or ineffective teeth hygiene can well be shown as the fundamental cause of gingivitis which is the first stage of gum disease. Other causes are mainly underlying medical conditions such as malnutrition and diabetes. Diabetes patients, who are at the forefront of the risk group, should be careful about home care to control the stated disease.

The major cause, Smoking

The habit of smoking is a vital factor that directly burst the emergence of periodontitis and can interfere with its treatment indirectly and is probably the most important environment based factor of risk for periodontitis. According to studies in related field, it has been observed that smokers are exposed to more tissue loss and tooth loss than non-smokers.

Symptoms and Signs

Gum disease that emerges in the relatively early periods has few symptoms, and the disease may have advanced significantly before the healing process is initiated. Symptoms include many factors that start with redness or bleeding of the gums when brushing teeth, flossing, or biting hard food, to recurrent gum swelling, and can include a constant metallic-ish taste in the mouth. Also, the most common is spitting blood after brushing the teeth. However, at that point, those circumstances may happen in a painless way which might trick the patient to reduce awareness of gum disease.

Gum contouring
Gum contouring

Required Treatment

Cleaning teeth from microbial plaque and tartar is necessary to maintain health. Managing gum disease begins with non-surgical cleaning below the gum line, using a procedure called “root surface instrumentation.” This procedure requires multiple appointments and local anesthesia for proper completion. Its goal is to mechanically remove plaque and tartar from under teeth. Other dental issues may need to be addressed individually to achieve success in RSI and gain overall control of good oral hygiene.

Other Conditions

Gum disease can be associated with increased overall inflammation in the body and may also be linked with an increased risk of hypertension and even stroke itself. It has also been observed to cause memory lag and computational defects in those over who are relatively old. Individuals with impaired fasting glucose and diabetes often have difficulty balancing their blood glucose levels.

Preventing Severe Gum

Intercalarily to being reversible, gum disease can be stopped in almost all cases when both proper plaque control and regular check-ups are applied. Plaque control applied every 2 years can be achieved by cleaning care and daily brushing. Brushing and flossing remove plaque from the accessible surfaces of the teeth and remove food particles and plaque from between the teeth. It is rather important to check your teeth regularly in order to help prevent gum disease. However, it is essential to brushing your teeth methodically or even twice a day before regular check-ups. Whether or not you had gum disease before, you may need a regular appointment with your dentist annually to check the disease in control. Although if you had issues with your health especially diabetes or smoking habits, you may need to be more enthusiastic about seeing with your dentist or dental hygienist.

Aftermath Of Gum Disease

To fully recover from gum disease, even though all the procedures have completed triumphantly, you might still be obliged to visit your dentist about teeth and gums regularly, this is why the risk of developing gum diseases is never be disappeared as long as you keep chewing and using your mouth.

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