Root Canal Treatment

Root Canal Treatment (RCT) is a dental procedure performed to treat infected or damaged tooth pulp. The procedure involves several steps, starting with examination and diagnosis, followed by anesthesia to ensure patient comfort. The dentist then accesses the tooth’s pulp chamber, removes the infected pulp, and thoroughly cleans the canals. The canals are filled with a biocompatible material, and the access point is sealed. In some cases, a dental crown may be required for tooth restoration.

Root Canal Treatment offers several advantages, including pain relief, preservation of natural tooth structure, improved oral health, and efficient chewing. However, there are potential disadvantages to consider, such as the risk of tooth fracture, treatment complexity, and possible re-infection.

The application of Root Canal Treatment is recommended in cases of severe tooth decay, dental trauma, and abscess formation. It serves to eliminate infection, relieve pain, and save the affected tooth from extraction.

In terms of cost, the average price of Root Canal Treatment in Turkey varies depending on factors like location, dental clinic, and case complexity. For single-rooted teeth, the cost typically ranges from X to Y Turkish Lira, with multi-rooted teeth potentially incurring slightly higher costs. It is advisable to consult with a dentist in Turkey for an accurate estimate based on individual dental needs.

root canal treatment

How Root Canal Treatment Works?

Root Canal Treatment (RCT) is a dental procedure designed to treat infections and save teeth that have severely damaged or infected pulp. Understanding how RCT works can help demystify the process and provide clarity on its effectiveness. Here is a step-by-step breakdown of how Root Canal Treatment works:

Examination and Diagnosis

The first step in RCT is a thorough examination by a dental professional. They will assess the affected tooth, take X-rays, and evaluate the extent of pulp damage or infection. This examination helps determine if RCT is necessary and identifies any additional factors that may influence the treatment plan.


Before commencing the procedure, local anesthesia is administered to numb the area around the affected tooth. Anesthesia ensures that the patient remains comfortable throughout the treatment and minimizes any potential pain or discomfort.

Access and Cleaning

Once the area is numb, the dentist creates an access point in the tooth, usually through the top surface. This access point allows for entry into the pulp chamber, which contains the infected or damaged pulp. Using specialized instruments, the dentist carefully removes the infected pulp from the canals and thoroughly cleans the entire root canal system. The cleaning process involves removing bacteria, debris, and any diseased tissue.

Filling and Sealing

After cleaning, the dentist fills the canals with a biocompatible material called gutta-percha. Gutta-percha is a rubber-like material that seals off the canals, preventing recontamination and protecting the tooth from further infection. In some cases, an antimicrobial solution may be used before placing the gutta-percha to ensure optimal disinfection.

Temporary or Permanent Filling

Once the canals are sealed, the access point is filled temporarily or permanently with a filling material. Temporary fillings are typically used when further treatment or observation is required, whereas permanent fillings, such as composite resin or dental cement, are placed when the tooth is considered stable and can withstand normal biting forces.


In situations where the treated tooth is structurally compromised or weakened, a dental crown may be recommended. A crown is a custom-made, tooth-shaped cap that fits over the treated tooth, providing strength, protection, and restoring its appearance and functionality.

Root Canal Treatment is generally performed over multiple visits, depending on the complexity of the case. The dentist may prescribe antibiotics or pain medication to manage any discomfort or infection during the recovery period.

What Are the Advantages of Root Canal Treatment

Root Canal Treatment offers several advantages that make it a preferred dental procedure for saving infected or damaged teeth. Understanding these advantages can help individuals make informed decisions about their dental health. Here are the key benefits of Root Canal Treatment:

Pain Relief

One of the primary advantages of Root canal therapy is the alleviation of severe tooth pain. Infected or damaged pulp can cause intense discomfort, and Roor canal treatment effectively removes the source of the pain. By removing the infected tissue and cleaning the canals, the procedure eliminates pain and promotes long-lasting relief.

Preservation of Natural Tooth Structure

Root Canal Treatment focuses on saving the natural tooth, even when the pulp is infected or damaged. Unlike tooth extraction, which involves removing the entire tooth, Root canal treatment allows for the preservation of the tooth’s structure. This not only maintains the integrity and aesthetics of the smile but also helps in maintaining proper jaw alignment and bite functionality.

Improved Oral Health

Root canal therapy contributes to overall oral health by eliminating infection and preventing its spread. Untreated tooth infections can lead to serious oral health issues, including the formation of abscesses, bone loss, and even systemic health problems. By addressing the underlying infection, RCT helps maintain a healthy mouth and reduces the risk of complications.

Efficient Chewing and Normal Functionality

A successfully treated tooth with RCT can regain its normal functionality. This means individuals can bite and chew efficiently without discomfort or limitations. Restoring proper chewing ability not only enhances overall oral health but also improves digestion and nutrition.

Natural Appearance

Root Canal Treatment, combined with the placement of a dental crown if necessary, helps maintain the natural appearance of the treated tooth. A dental crown provides a protective layer over the treated tooth, restoring its shape, color, and function. This ensures a seamless integration with the surrounding teeth, allowing for a natural-looking smile

Cost-Effective in the Long Run

Although the upfront cost of Root Canal Treatment may be higher than simple extractions, it is often a cost-effective solution in the long run. By preserving the natural tooth, individuals avoid the need for more extensive and costly dental procedures, such as dental implants or bridges, which may be required to replace missing teeth.

Root Canal Treatment is a reliable and efficient dental procedure that offers significant advantages. It provides pain relief, preserves natural tooth structure, improves oral health, restores normal functionality, maintains a natural appearance, and can be cost-effective in the long term.

What Are Disadvantages of Root Canal Treatment?

While Root Canal Treatment (RCT) is a common and effective dental procedure, it is important to be aware of its potential disadvantages. Understanding these drawbacks can help individuals make informed decisions regarding their oral health. Here are the key disadvantages of Root Canal Treatment:

Potential Tooth Fracture

After Root Canal Treatment, the treated tooth may become more brittle and prone to fracture compared to healthy teeth. This is because the tooth’s structure can weaken over time due to the removal of the pulp, which compromises its natural blood supply. Although the risk of fracture is relatively low, it is a possibility to consider, particularly for teeth that undergo extensive RCT or have substantial damage prior to treatment. To mitigate this risk, a dental crown is often recommended to provide additional strength and protection.

Treatment Complexity

Root Canal Treatment can be complex, especially in cases where the tooth has intricate canal anatomy or multiple canals. Some teeth may have additional accessory canals or curved canals that are challenging to clean and fill adequately. In such situations, the treatment may require the expertise of an endodontic specialist who has advanced training in root canal procedures.

Possible Re-infection

Although rare, there is a slight possibility of re-infection following Root Canal Treatment. This can occur if bacteria re-enter the treated canals, either due to incomplete cleaning or inadequate sealing of the canals. To minimize the risk of re-infection, it is crucial to ensure thorough cleaning and proper sealing of the canals during the initial treatment. Regular dental check-ups and maintaining good oral hygiene practices are essential to prevent potential complications.

Additional Dental Procedures

In some cases, Root Canal Treatment may not be a standalone solution to restore the tooth’s functionality and appearance. Following RCT, a dental crown is often recommended to protect and strengthen the treated tooth. This additional procedure can increase the overall cost and treatment duration, as it requires the fabrication and placement of a custom-made crown.

What Are Potential Risks of Root Canal Treatment?

Root Canal Treatment (RCT) is generally a safe and effective dental procedure, but like any medical intervention, it carries some potential risks. While these risks are relatively rare, it is important to be aware of them. Here are the potential risks associated with Root Canal Treatment.

Incomplete Removal of Infected Tissue

During RCT, the goal is to remove all infected or damaged pulp from the tooth’s canals. However, there is a slight possibility of incomplete removal, particularly in complex cases with intricate canal anatomy. If any infected tissue remains, it may lead to persistent infection, requiring retreatment or additional procedures.

Instrument Fracture or Separation

In rare cases, the instruments used during RCT, such as files or rotary instruments, may fracture or separate within the tooth’s canals. This can occur due to factors like complex anatomy, excessive pressure, or pre-existing cracks in the tooth. If a file or instrument is left behind, it may cause irritation or infection and require further intervention to remove it.

Post-Treatment Discomfort

After RCT, some individuals may experience post-treatment discomfort, such as mild pain or sensitivity. This is usually temporary and can be managed with over-the-counter pain medication or as prescribed by the dentist. However, if the discomfort persists or worsens, it may indicate a complication, such as reinfection, and further evaluation by the dentist is necessary.

Tooth Discoloration

In certain cases, the treated tooth may exhibit discoloration compared to the surrounding natural teeth. This can occur due to the removal of the tooth’s blood supply during the treatment process. While tooth discoloration is primarily a cosmetic concern, it can be addressed through various dental procedures, such as teeth whitening or placement of a dental crown, to achieve a more uniform appearance.

Allergic Reactions

Although rare, allergic reactions to materials used during RCT, such as local anesthetics or filling materials, can occur. It is crucial to inform the dentist about any known allergies or sensitivities beforehand to minimize the risk of an adverse reaction. Dentists take precautions to use biocompatible materials and perform appropriate allergy testing when necessary.

Who is a Good Candidate for Root Canal Treatment?

Root Canal Treatment (RCT) is recommended for individuals who have a tooth with infected or damaged pulp. However, not all cases require RCT, and it is essential to determine who would benefit from this procedure. Here are the factors that make someone a good candidate for Root Canal Treatment:

Infected or Inflamed Pulp

RCT is typically performed when the tooth’s pulp, which contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue, becomes infected or inflamed. This can happen due to severe tooth decay, deep cavities, cracked or fractured teeth, or dental trauma. If the pulp is compromised, RCT becomes necessary to eliminate the infection and save the tooth.

Presence Of Tooth Pain

Severe tooth pain is a common symptom of pulp infection or inflammation. If an individual experiences persistent, throbbing toothache or sensitivity to hot or cold substances, it may indicate the need for RCT. The procedure aims to relieve pain by removing the source of infection and restoring oral health.

Preservation of Natural Tooth

Root Canal Treatment focuses on saving the natural tooth rather than extracting it. This is beneficial for individuals who prefer to maintain their natural teeth and avoid the potential consequences of tooth loss, such as difficulties with eating, speech, and shifting of adjacent teeth. RCT allows for the preservation of the tooth’s structure, enabling normal functionality and a natural appearance.

Sufficient Tooth Structure

For RCT to be successful, the affected tooth should have enough healthy tooth structure remaining to support the restoration after the procedure. This includes having an adequate amount of tooth enamel and dentin to accommodate a dental crown if needed. If the tooth is extensively damaged, extraction may be considered instead of RCT.

Overall Oral Health and General Well-being

A good candidate for RCT should have overall good oral health and be in a suitable general health condition to undergo the procedure. It is important to communicate any relevant medical conditions, medications, or allergies to the dentist before treatment to ensure a safe and successful outcome.

Collaboration with a Dental Professional

Determining candidacy for RCT is best done in consultation with a dental professional. Dentists evaluate the condition of the tooth, perform diagnostic tests such as X-rays, and consider the individual’s specific circumstances to recommend the most appropriate treatment plan. They can provide personalized advice and guidance based on the patient’s oral health needs.

What Is The Success Rate Of Root Canal Treatment?

The success rate of Root Canal Treatment is generally high, with studies indicating success rates ranging from 85% to 97%. However, it is important to note that success rates can vary depending on various factors, including the tooth being treated, the severity of the infection or damage, the quality of the initial treatment, and the individual’s oral hygiene practices. Here are some key factors that can influence the success rate of Root Canal Treatment

Adequate Cleaning And Sale

The thorough cleaning and complete sealing of the root canal system are essential for the success of RCT. If any infected tissue or bacteria are left behind or if the canals are not properly sealed, it may lead to persistent infection or reinfection. Skilled endodontists or dentists with experience in performing RCT can significantly contribute to the success of the procedure by ensuring effective cleaning and sealing.

Tooth Restoration and Protection

Following RCT, the treated tooth may require a restoration, typically in the form of a dental crown, to protect and strengthen it. The placement of a dental crown helps prevent fractures and reinfection while restoring the tooth’s function and appearance. Failing to restore and protect the treated tooth adequately can compromise the long-term success of RCT.

Oral Hygiene Practices

Maintaining good oral hygiene is crucial for the success of RCT. Regular brushing, flossing, and routine dental check-ups help prevent new infections and protect the treated tooth. Practicing proper oral hygiene minimizes the risk of developing cavities or gum disease, which can impact the success and longevity of RCT.

Individual Factors

Certain individual factors, such as overall health, systemic conditions, and immune response, can influence the success rate of RCT. Individuals with compromised immune systems or chronic health conditions may have a higher risk of treatment complications or reduced success rates. Additionally, smokers may experience lower success rates due to impaired healing and increased risk of reinfection.

Follow-up Care

Regular follow-up visits with the dentist are essential after RCT. These visits allow the dentist to monitor the healing progress, assess the treated tooth, and address any concerns. Timely detection and intervention in case of potential issues contribute to the overall success of RCT.

How Much Does Root Canal Treatment Cost In Turkey?

The cost of Root Canal Treatment (RCT) in Turkey can vary depending on several factors, including the location, the complexity of the case, the dentist’s experience, and the specific dental clinic. It’s important to note that the following figures are approximate and can vary:

On average, the cost of a single-rooted tooth undergoing RCT in Turkey can range from £80 to £150. For premolars, which have two roots, the cost can range from £100 to £200. Molars, with three or more roots, are generally more complex and can cost between £150 and £300 per tooth.